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  • ItemOpen Access
    The Inclusion of the Environmental Dimension of Sustainability in Studying Informal Settlements Using the INDI System
    (Université de M'sila, 2022) Imane Lamdjad; Boudjemaa Khalfallah
    The phenomenon of informal settlements is considered one of the most common global issues that have negative effects on several life aspects. All Algerian cities face this problem, including the city of Bousaada and the neighborhood of Sidi Slimane, which is considered one of the largest informal settlements in the city. Although the neighborhood has benefited from the Vulnerable Housing Absorption Program funded by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the latter did not achieve the set goals. Therefore, it has become necessary to think about the use of modern and effective criteria for assessing the environmental dimension of sustainability, such as the INDI system of impact indicators built into EcoQuartierGrid2011 in order to contribute to the development of these neighborhoods, to ensure a better quality of life for the residents, and achieve sustainable development in light of the environmental dimension. On this basis, the present study aims to use the INDI system to integrate the environmental dimension of sustainability in informal settlements and to investigate the environmental shortcomings that the neighborhood Sidi Slimane suffers from in order to suggest possible solutions to develop it and improve the quality of life for the residents. In pursuance of this aim, the approach of the current research is descriptiveanalytical in order to design an approach that deals with the criteria of the INDI System in environmental studies. The research concludes that both INDI and EcoquatierGrid 2011 will help improve the quality of life of the population for millions of individuals and residents in Algeria and in developing countries that suffer from the problem of informal housing. A guideline based on INDI and EcoquatierGrid 2011 indicators is recommended and incorporated into environmental studies as a reference. The novelty of the current research lies in finding practical and technical solutions to the problem of squatter housing through the use of the INDI indicator system and its integration with EcoQuartierGrid2011 based on 40 topics and 318 indicators covering the economic, social, and environmental dimensions
  • ItemOpen Access
    The Impact of Social and Economic Transformations on the Heritage Features of Bou Saada Traditional City
    (université msila, 2022) BERREGHIOUA Fatima Zahra; KHALFALLAH Boudjemaa
    The traditional city of Bou Saâda is witnessing a high level of tension and imbalance in its urban and architectural appearance as a result of the social and economic transformation caused by the industrial and technological revolution and the colonial movement which brought strange patterns that imposed changes on a traditional pattern that could stand for long periods. The phenomenon of urbanization, migration and population growth has also contributed to the acceleration of the deterioration of the old heritage fabric, as human needs change rapidly and continuously, and what was yesterday contained the requirements of the local population is today, for some, a relic of the past that should be eliminated because it is seen as an impediment to progress and well-being. This research aims to show the impact of social and economic transformations on the features of the traditional heritage of Bou Saada city. The study was based on the descriptive and analytical approach of the urban structure of Bou Saâda traditional city, which faithfully reflects the compatibility between culture and human achievements and its restriction to social, economic and environmental controls in construction and urbanisation. The results proved that the new social and economic conditions contributed to following modern trends in urban planning and architectural design in a completely different way to the authentic, inherited local culture, so the city lost its aesthetic and a large part of its heritage and consequently lost its local identity
  • ItemOpen Access
    The plan of land use decentralised participatory tool between legal text and reality - case of the land use plan for the new urban residential area (NURA01) of the city of M'sila - Algeria
    (2022) Benlatreche Abdelmadjid; FeloussiaLahcene
    The land use plan is one of the new reconstruction tools through which the Algerian State seeks to distribute roles between the central authority and the local community represented by the governorate and the municipality, respectively. The decentralization and the participation when preparing the land use plan help strengthen the dialogue between the state and population representatives, facilitate the decision-making and improve the management of local affairs, As a result, projects that elevate and meet the society requirements are of a higher efficiency. In this perspective, this research aims at identifying the indicators of decentralization and participation at the stage of preparation of the land use plan, and monitoring them in real based on a descriptive analytical approach. The results of this study demonstrated that there is unilateralism in the preparation of the land use plan through the existence of a prior intention from Municipality and of M'sila to impose their vision, while other Institutions are neglected
  • ItemOpen Access
    (université msila, 2022) Salim Dehimi; Ibrahim Djouani; Ali Redjem
    The study aims to evaluate the efficiency of the tram track in the urban transport system of the Algerian city of Setif by combining Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographic Information System (GIS) approach. In this research, a set of multiple pre-determined criteria applicable in the field of urban transport were selected for decision-making. They were collected from recent research literature and expert opinions in this discipline, and then were arranged and evaluated in the AHP to extract the main weights for each criterion. In the end, they were processed spatially by using GIS. The study showed that the selection of the tramway track in the city of Setif was not successful in terms of the chosen location, and its selection was not studied according to the efficiency and quality criteria applicable in the field of urban transport. In addition, the study concluded that there is a significant shortfall in the first tram track, especially the one linking the tram route to the northern and southern parts of the city, which affected the efficiency and quality of the tram route. As the results have shown, the percentage of good spaces near the tram route does not exceed 0.34%. It is followed by the percentage of the average and acceptable areas (13.48%) and then the percentage of the marginalized areas and the areas far from the tram track (86.18% of the total area of the city). The study also demonstrated the importance of using AHP and GIS in evaluating a completed tram track according to a comprehensive and widely studied scientific methodology.
  • ItemOpen Access
    (université msila, 2023) Salima Saouchi; Boudjamea Khalfallah
    The protection of urban heritage is not an abstract intellectual theory, as it resembles any planning process subject to a set of factors. Those factors are determined in a progressive and continuous way by the actors of this field. If the political decision was considered the main motor of its dimensions and objectives, the technical factor is not less important, it is embodied these dimensions and objectives. In this context this study came to approximate between the Points of View the first and the second the area of conservation the World archaeological site Al Qal’a Bani Hammed in Algeria (PPMVSA). Although their theoretical reference is the same, but technical evaluation has different in determining the protection perimeter, using the geographic information system (GIS) and multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) to systematically and precisely analyse the factors controlling the determination of the archaeological protection area, we are reducing the percentage of biased points of view and we propose an alternative to protection plan based on precise scientific principles and standards.
  • ItemOpen Access
    (université msila, 2023) Derradji KADRI; Boudjemaa KHALFALLAH
    Urban transport is one of the most dynamic and a vital element within the urban sphere, as it has a significant impact on the growth and development of cities in all respects; it determines the size and direction of urbanization and directs it properly as well. Bordj Bou Arreridj is an Algerian city that witnessed a spectacular urban expansion, which resulted in great difficulties in terms of urban transport. This resulted in the inability to fulfill the role assigned to it, especially with regard to the urban expansion of the city, given the insufficient means of urban transport, especially collective ones - Old urban bus barns – and thus, meeting the growing demand for transport due to the large demographic growth. In addition to that, the fragility of the urban transport system as a whole has led to lack of harmony and interconnectedness of all parts of the city, and to the imbalance in the management of the sector. The study concluded that the urban area of the city is characterized by an important network of roads and streets that ensure good connectivity between its parts, but the existing urban transport network does not cover all its components (49% is the covered area in the city), as some areas lack urban transport service, especially those located on its suburbs as a result of the rapid urbanization. In order to redress this phenomenon, it was necessary to reconsider the general urban transportation system on both management and organizational sides, taking into account all urban components of the city, especially future expansions, in order to reach a harmonious and interconnected city under a balanced and effective transportation system
  • ItemOpen Access
    The Relationship between the Resident and Deterioration in Post-Occupied Collective Residential Neighborhoods the Case of the City of M’sila
    (université msila, 2022) Mourad bouhlal; boudjemaa khalfalla
    Social housing neighborhoods suffer from several urban and environmental problems, including deterioration and deformation within the urban environment. This is due to several factors, including residents ‘negative impacts on the urban area and on the aesthetic image of the city, and urban interventions carried out outside the legal frameworks of social housing neighborhoods. This research paper aims to diagnose the resident’s negative behavior within the social housing in M’sila by posing the questions of what are the causes and effects residents’ interventions and what are the types that fit their needs and requirements. Results demonstrate that residents’ illegal interventions on the urban environment have contributed to the deterioration of the social housing neighborhoods and further demonstrate that, in some cases, interventions were the result of poor urban planning and the residents’ needs for comfort. This study uses the descriptive analytical approach to describe the deterioration at several levels in addition to the reciprocal relationship between the built framework and the social and urban phenomena
  • ItemOpen Access
    Industrial Activity Land Suitability Assessment Using Delphi and AHP to Control Land Consumption
    (université msila, 2022) Fateh Toufik Benaissa; Boudjemaa Khalfallah
    Studies and research on land suitability for the localization of economic and industrial activities in cities are attracting academics and local policies concerned with urban planning and organization in order to make urban areas more accommodating. The current paper aims to demonstrate the ability of visualization and simulation techniques to assist planners in preserving urban real estate by combining the Delphi method with one of the multi-criteria hierarchical analysis decision-making techniques. The city of Bordj Bouarreridj in Algeria was chosen as the case study and, with the participation of experts, a set of criteria were adopted to determine land suitability. Three criteria were selected in the first phase with the use of the Delphi method. In the second phase, we applied the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AH, a hierarchical analysis method. During the third stage, the obtained results were translated into the GIS program to derive the spatial suitability map. The following are among the most important achieved results: 13.38% (521.793 km2 ) of the area was regarded to be of high suitability, 67.54% (2,634.758 km2 ), achieved moderate suitability, 12.94% (504,794 km2 ) attained low suitability, and 6.14% (239,685 km2 ) were found to be not suitable at all.